Английский язык | 1 - 4 классы
Сделайте пожалуйста нормальный перевод The third branch of the government is judicial.
The Supreme Court is the highest judicial organ of the U.
S. It sits in the Supreme Court Building in Washington.
The words «Equal Justice Under Law» are written above the main entrance of the building.
The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice (главный судья) of the USA and eight Associate Justices.
They are all appointed by the President and approved by the Senate.
The Supreme Court has the right to declare unconstitutional any law passed by the Congress or any other issued by the President.
The right of veto is widely used.
The USA is divided into eleven judicial circuits and each one is served with a Federal Court of Appeals.
There are about ninety district courts in different parts of the country.
The district courts are the lowest ones in the Federal Court system.
Most of the criminal and civil cases are tried by these courts.
In the district court where trials are held, juries are used and witnesses are called.
Cases tried in the district court may be appealed in one of the eleven Courts of Appeal and in the Supreme Court.
The decision of the Supreme Court is final.
In the US the judiciary is divided into the federal and state judiciary.
Jurisdiction of particular courts or judges is.
Помогите пожалуйста найти в тексте все глаголы : The United States of America is the 4th largest country in the world after Russia, Canada and China?
Помогите пожалуйста найти в тексте все глаголы : The United States of America is the 4th largest country in the world after Russia, Canada and China.
The country consists of 3 parts : the continental part is in the center of the North American continent, the Hawaii and Alaska.
Its total area is over 9 mln sq.
Km. The country borders on Canada in the north and on Mexico in the south.
It also has a sea - border with Russia.
The country is washed by 3 oceans : The Arctic, the Atlantic and the Pacific.
The country has many lakes, including the Great Lakes and many rivers, the longest of which are the Mississippi, the Missouri, the Columbia and others.
The highest mountains are the Rocky Mountains, the Appalachian, the Cordillera and the Sierra Nevada.
The highest peak, Mount McKinley, is in Alaska.
The climate conditions are rather different.
The country is rich in natural and mineral resources : oil, gas, iron ore, coal and various metals.
The USA is a highly developed industrial and agricultural country.
The main industrial branches are aircraft, rocket, automobile, electronics, radio - engineering and others.
Americans are made up from nearly all races and nations.
The country population is over 250 mln.
The official language of the state is English.
The national symbol of the USA is the national flag «Stars and Stripes», having 50 white stars and 13 white and red stripes on its field, symbolizing the number of the original and present day states.
Officially the country comprises 50 states and 1 district – Columbia.
The states differ in size, population and economic development.
Each state has its own capital.
The capital of the USA is Washington.
It is situated in the District of Columbia on the banks of the Potomac river and is named after the 1st US President – George Washington.
There are many large cities in the country : New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Philadelphia, Detroit, San Francisco, Boston and some others.
The United States of America is a federal state, headed by the President.
According to the US Constitution the powers of the Government are divided into 3 branches : legislative, executive and judicial.
The legislative power belongs to the Congress consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
The Senate represents the states while the House of Representatives – population.
The executive power belongs to the President and his Administration (Vice - President and Cabinet of Ministers).
The judicial power belongs to the Supreme Court and the system of federal courts.
There are several political parties in the USA.
The largest of them are the Republican (symbolized by a donkey) and Democratic (symbolized by an elephant).
Nowadays the USA in one of the leading powers of the world due to its economic, political and military influence.
1. What do you call the third branch of the US government?
1. What do you call the third branch of the US government?
2. How many judges does the Supreme Court consist of?
3. How long do the judges work in the Supreme Court?
4. The US Constitution can be changed, can`t it?
5. What do you call changes to the Constitution?
6. How many amendments tj the Costitution can you name?
Помогите, пожалуйста, сократить текст для пересказа?
Помогите, пожалуйста, сократить текст для пересказа.
The Russian Federation is a Presidential (or a constitutional) republic.
The President is the head of the state and is elected directly by the people.
In fact he has much power, he controls all the three branches of power.
The President can even dissolve the Duma if he doesn't agree with his suggestions three times running.
The President has his administration, but it's not part of the Federal Government.
The President is involved in the work of the legislative and executive branches.
The Federal Assembly represents the Legislative branch of power.
It's made up of the two houses : the Federation Counsel and the State Duma, which make laws.
The Federal Assembly is also called the Parliament, but it's not its official name.
Both chambers are headed by chairmen sometimes called speakers.
The Duma consists of 450 deputies (one half is elected personally by the population, and the other half consists of the deputies who are appointed by their parties after voting).
The members of the Federation Counsel are elected on a different basis.
There are two representatives of each subject of the RF (89 subjects).
Every law to be adapted must be approved by the State Duma, the Counsel of Federation and signed by the President.
The President can veto laws passed by the Federal Assembly, but it can pass laws over the President's veto a two - thirds majority.
The Federal Government represents the executive branch of power.
The President appoints its head, the Chainman of the Government, but the Dums must approve his appointment.
The juridical branch of power consists of the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court and lower Courts.
The responsibility of the Constitutional Court is to analyze the new laws to make sure they correspond to the laws of the state.
The Constitutional Court has the right to declare actions of the President, the Federal Assembly and the Federal Government unconstitutional.
The Supreme Court is the highest instance for civil and criminal cases.
Помогите перевести текст очень срочно In some countries such as France (where there are 9 jurors), the judgesand jurors decide the case together?
Помогите перевести текст очень срочно In some countries such as France (where there are 9 jurors), the judgesand jurors decide the case together.
In the United States juries decide if the defendant is guilty but sometimes also have a say in what punishment he should receive.
Before World War II, Japan also had a jury system, but it was often criticized for the ease with which jurors could be bribed.
Now Japan, like South Korea, is a rare example of a modern industrialized country where jurors are not used : all decisions are made by professional judges.
Most countries have special rules for young defendants.
Children under ten cannot stand trial at all under English law.
Juveniles (those under seventeen) are dealt with in special Magistrates Courts known as Juvenile Courts.
A defendant found guilty by the magistrates may appeal against the finding or against the punishment to the local Crown Court, and the CrownСourt judge will hear the appealwithout a jury.
If a defendant has good reason to believe the magistrates have made a mistake about a point of law, then he may appeal to the High Court.
The appeal system is mostly for the benefit of the defendant, but there are cases of the prosecution successfully appealing for a more severepunishment.
In Japan it is even possible for the prosecution to appeal that a non - guilty decision be changed to guilty.
Appeals from the Crown Court go first to the High Court and, in special cases, to the Court of Appeal.
Occasionally, a case is carried through this system of appeal all the way to the House of Lords.
In many countries, such as Japan and United States, the highest juridical decisions are made by a Supreme Court.
Its members are appointed from the lower courts by the government.
Making a law and Judiciary Every year Parliament passes about 100 laws directly by making Acts of Parliament?
Making a law and Judiciary Every year Parliament passes about 100 laws directly by making Acts of Parliament.
Parliament sometimes passes a very general law and leaves a minister to fill in the details.
Using the powers given to them by Parliament, ministers become lawmakers themselves.
No new law can be made by Parliament unless it has completed number of stages in both the House of Commons and the House of Lords.
The Queen also has to sign a bill to show that it has been given the Royal Assent.
Only after the Royal Assent it becomes a new law or Act of Parliament.
Before this it is called Bill.
Bills can begin in the House of Lords or the House of Commons.
There are two main sorts of Bills : Private Bill and Public Bill.
Private Bills deal with local matters and individuals.
Public Bills deal with matters of public importance.
Important Bills are usually sponsored by the Government.
The first stage of lawmaking is called First Reading.
It gives MPs notice that the Bill will soon be coming for discussion.
Then the next stage comes– Second Reading.
Here the main purpose of the Bill is explained by the Minister and the Bill is debated by the House.
The house then votes to decide if the Bill should continue its passage through Parliament.
The Bill continues to its Committee Stage where 18 Members from both Government and Opposition discuss it in detail, considering many possible changes (amendments).
This is followed by Report Stage when the committee reports back to the rest of the House.
At the Third Reading stage, the House decided to pass the Bill as a whole.
The Bill cannot be changed at this stage – it is either accepted or rejected.
Once a Bill has passed its Third Reading in the Commons, one of the Clerks at the Table carries it to the House of Lords.
The House of Lords has the job of reviewing Bills received from the Commons.
It makes changes to Commons Bills.
Once both Houses have passed a Bill, then it has to go to the Queen for the Royal Assent.
After receiving the Royal Assent the Bill becomes an Act of Parliament.
As for judiciary there are two courts of trial and two courts of appeal for criminal proceedings in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
The courts of trial are the Magistrates’ Court and the Crown Court, and the courts of appeal are the Court of Appeal and the House of Lords.
The Magistrates’ Court is the lower court of trial.
It deals with summary offences.
More serious criminal cases (indictable offences) then go to the Crown Court.
Civil cases are dealt with in County courts.
Magistrates’ Courts have limited powers of penalty but may commit a convicted offender to the Crown Court if it is considered that the powers of the Magistrates’ Court are insufficient.
Approximately 95% of all prosecutions are dealt with in the Magistrates’ Courts.
Juvenile Courts are composed of specially trained magistrates.
They try most charges against children and young persons under the age of 18 years.
The Crown Court is the senior court of trial for criminal offences.
The courts are established at various centers throughout the country.
The courts are presided over by a High Court Judge, Circuit Judge or Recorder who sits with a jury.
The Crown Court may also hear appeals against conviction and \ or sentence for some offences dealt with at the Magistrates’ Court.
The Court of Appeal hears appeals from criminal cases heard in the Crown Courts.
The House of Lords is the most senior and final court of appeal.
Civil proceedings consist of litigation about property, family matters and actions to obtain financial redress for damage to property and personal injury.
The courts of trial for such litigation are the County Court and the High Court if Justice.
County Courts are local courts and are presided over by a single Judge.
The High Court of Justice is situated in London.
Some cases before the High Court of Justice may be heard before a Jury.
НАПИШИТЕ 11 ВОПРОСОВ К ТЕКСТУ The Russian Federation (Russia) is a presidential republic?
НАПИШИТЕ 11 ВОПРОСОВ К ТЕКСТУ The Russian Federation (Russia) is a presidential republic.
The President is the head of state and is elected directly by the people.
In fact he has much power.
The President can even dissolve the Duma if it doesn't agree with his suggestions three times running.
The President has his Administration but R is not part of the Federal Government.
The Presiden is involved in the work of the legsiative and executive branches.
The Federal Assembly represents the legislative branch of power.
It is made up of houses : the Federation Council and the Duma which make laws.
The President can veto laws passed by the Federal Assembly but the Federal Assembly can pass over the President3 veto by a two - thirds majority.
The Federal Government represents the executive branch of power.
The President appoints its head, the Chairman of the Government, but the Duma must approve his appointment.
The Supreme Court represents the judicial branch of power.
The Constitutional Court has the right to declare actions of the President, the Federa Assembly and the Federal Government unconstitutional.
Переведите нормально The government of United States is federal?
Переведите нормально The government of United States is federal.
The government shares its power with the states.
The Constitution written about two hundred years ago is the foundation of the government of the USA.
The Constitution divides power among the legislative, judicial and executive branches of the government.
Each branch is almost independent.
The head of the executive branch is the President.
The head of the legislative branch is the Congress.
The head of the judicial branch is the Supreme Court.
The legislative division is responsible for making the laws of the country.
The executive division carries out these laws.
The Congress is divided into two houses : the Senate, or Upper House, and the House of Representatives.
Members of the Senate are elected to six - year terms, but they are not all elected at the same time.
Members of the House of Representatives are elected for two years.
They are to finish their terms of office at the same time.
The House of Representatives has more than four times as many members at the Senate.
Each state sends a different number of men according to the population of the state.
A bill may be introduced in either the Senate or the House of Representatives.
A bill approved by both the Senate and the House of Representatives is sent to the President (for him) to sign.
The President and Vice - President are elected for a four - year term.
The President may be re - elected and serve eight years altogether, but no longer than that.
(A famous President, Franklin Roosevelt, was elected four times, but since then the Congress has passed a law making anything longer than two terms illegal).
There are eleven Cabinet officers.
These men are appointed by the President with the approval of the Senate.
The Cabinet takes care of such national business as defence, postal service, foreign relations, money and so on.
(There are a few independent agencies which are responsible directly to the President).
Поставить глагол в правильную форму : 1) Law (protect) us while it (restrict) us.
2)Law (regulate) the life we lead.
3)Law significantly (affect) our life.
4)The United States (possess) a unique court system in that there is a state system and a federal system.
5)The federal court (decide) a federal question.
6)State courts (hear) both civil and criminal cases.
7)Both the state and federal court systems (have) courts of original jurisdiction and courts of appellate jurisdiction.
Помогите, пожалуйста, придумать 8 вопросов к этому тексту (в 8 вопросов должны входить общие, специальные, альтернативные и разделительные) Courts of the United States include both the United States f?
Помогите, пожалуйста, придумать 8 вопросов к этому тексту (в 8 вопросов должны входить общие, специальные, альтернативные и разделительные) Courts of the United States include both the United States federal courts, comprising the judicial branch of the federal government of the United States (operating under the authority of the United States Constitution and federal law) and state and territorial courts of the individual U.
S. states and territories (operating under the authority of the state and territorial constitutions and state and territorial law) Federal statutes that refer to the "courts of the United States" are referring only to the courts of the federal government, and not the courts of the individual states.
Because of the federalist underpinnings of the division between sovereign federal and state governments, the various state court systems are free to operate in ways that vary widely from those of the federal government, and from one another.
In practice, however, every state has adopted a division of its judiciary into at least two levels, and almost every state has three levels, with trial courts hearing cases which may be reviewed by appellate courts, and finally by a state supreme court.
A few states have two separate supreme courts, with one having authority over civil matters and the other reviewing criminal cases.
47 states and the federal government allow at least one appeal of right from a final judgment on the merits, meaning that the court receiving the appeal must decide the appeal after it is briefed and argued properly.
Three states do not provide a right to a first appeal.
Rather, they give litigants only a right to petition for the right to have an appeal heard.
State courts often have diverse names and structures, as illustrated below.
State courts hear about 98% of litigation ; most states have courts of special jurisdiction, which typically handle minor disputes such as traffic citations, and courts of general jurisdiction responsible for more serious disputes.
S. federal court system hears cases involving litigants from two or more states, violations of federal laws, treaties, and the Constitution, admiralty, bankruptcy, and related issues.
In practice, about 80% of the cases are civil and 20% criminal.
The civil cases often involve civil rights, patents, and Social Security while the criminal cases involve tax fraud, robbery, counterfeiting, and drug crimes.
The trial courts are U.
S. district courts, followed by United States courts of appeals and then the Supreme Court of the United States.
The judicial system, whether state or federal, begins with a court of first instance, whose work may be reviewed by an appellate court, and then ends at the court of last resort, which may review the work of the lower courts.
Помогите перевести нормально THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA The USA is located in the central part of North America?
Помогите перевести нормально THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA The USA is located in the central part of North America.
Its area is 9, 363, 200 square kilometers.
The population of the USA is over 228 million.
The United States is a Federal Union of 50 states.
The Presi¬dent is the head of the government He forms the government.
The Constitution is the basic law.
It defines the structure and the method of national government and lists its rights and fields of authority (власть).
According to the Constitution the three main branches of the USA government are the executive, the legislative and the judicial.
The executive branch includes the President, Vice - President, and the Presidents' Cabinet.
The function of the executive branch is to administrate and execute the law.
Every four years the America people elect the President.
But they may re - elect their President for another term of four years.
The function of the Cabinet is to advise the President on any affair he wishes such advice.
The Cabinet consists of the heads of the thirteen executive departments - the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Treasury (финансы), the Secretary of De¬fence and all the rest.
The legislative branch of the government is the Congress.
It consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
The senate consists of 100 members, two from each of the 50 members.
The House of Representatives consists of 435 members.
The population of each state determines the number of members.
The function of the Congress is to make laws and to fi¬nance the operation of the government.
The Supreme Court is the highest judicial organ of the United States and the head of the judicial branch.
The major political parties in the United States are the Democratic Party and the Republican Party.
This two - party sys¬tem practically dominates the political life of the country.
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Третьей ветвью власти является судебная.
Верховный Суд является высшим судебным органом США она вошла в здание Верховного Суда в Вашингтоне.
Слова «равное правосудие в рамках закона» написаны над главным входом здания.
Верховный Суд состоит из главного судьи (главный судья) США и восьми ассоциированных судей.
Все они назначаются Президентом и утверждаются Сенатом.
Верховный Суд имеет право объявить неконституционным любой закон, принятый Конгрессом или любым другим, выданной Президентом.
Право вето используется широко.
США делится на одиннадцать судебных цепей, каждая из которых подается с Федерального апелляционного суда.
Насчитывается около девяносто окружных судов в различных частях страны.
Районные суды являются самыми низкими в Федеральной судебной системе.
Большинство уголовных и гражданских дел, рассматриваются этими судами.
В районный суд, где испытания проводятся, используются присяжных и свидетелей вызывают.
Дел, рассмотренных в районном суде могут быть обжалованы в один из одиннадцати апелляционных судах и в Верховном Суде.
Решение Верховного суда является окончательным.
В США судебная власть подразделяется на федеральную и государственную судебную систему.
Юрисдикции отдельных судов или судей.